Following on from our e-symposium, ‘Innovations in Women’s Health‘ we’ve pulled together some of the key resources and references discussed within the webinar. If you missed the live webinar, you can register to watch the recording.


The Maternal and Fertility Nutrition Group are a specialist group of the British Dietetic Association. The ambitious and passionate group are dedicated to research, education and improving the standards and quality of care to patients accessing such services nationwide.

 @BdaMaternal   @bda_maternalandfertility


  • Fertility Nutrition Course for Healthcare Professionals – by Fertility Dietitian UK – This course brings you the latest evidence-based information in the field of fertility nutrition, equipping you with the information you need to support your clinical practice. Sign up.
  • e nutrition and pregnancy course – mix of live and recorded sessions. Email if interested.


The research of the Department of Women and Children’s Health at King’s College London, centres around the concept of the life course of health. The health of the next generation begins at the earliest stages, the research spans preconception, maternity, infancy and adolescence.



RCSI – University of Medicine and Health Sciences




The School of Population Health in RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences seeks to better understand and address the complex and ever-changing barriers to better health, in Ireland and globally. The School integrates multiple scientific disciplines, including public health and epidemiology, data science, health psychology, and healthcare outcomes.


Speaker: Lucilla Poston


Gilmore LA, Klempel-Donchenko M, Redman LM. Pregnancy as a window to future health: Excessive gestational weight gain and obesity. Semin Perinatol. 2015;39(4):296-303. doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2015.05.009

Goldstein RF, Abell SK, Ranasinha S, et al. Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA. 2017;317(21):2207-2225. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3635

LifeCycle Project-Maternal Obesity and Childhood Outcomes Study Group, Voerman E, Santos S, et al. Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Adverse Maternal and Infant Outcomes. JAMA. 2019;321(17):1702-1715. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3820

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Diabetes in Pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period.  2015, updated 2020. Available at: (Accessed 01/03/2024).

Santos S, Voerman E, Amiano P, et al. Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: an individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts. BJOG. 2019;126(8):984-995. doi:10.1111/1471-0528.15661

World Health Organisation (WHO). Development of global gestation weight gain standards. 2023. Available at: (Accessed 01/03/2024).


Speaker: Sara White


Diabetes in pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period (NICE guidance NG3). Available at: (Accessed 05.03.2024)

HAPO Study Cooperative Research Group, Metzger BE, Lowe LP, et al. Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcomes. N Engl J Med. 2008;358(19):1991-2002. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0707943v

Murphy HR, Howgate C, O’Keefe J, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of pregnant women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes: a 5-year national population-based cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2021;9(3):153-164. doi:10.1016/S2213-8587(20)30406-X

Battelino T, Danne T, Bergenstal RM, et al. Clinical Targets for Continuous Glucose Monitoring Data Interpretation: Recommendations From the International Consensus on Time in Range. Diabetes Care. 2019;42(8):1593-1603. doi:10.2337/dci19-0028 Digital health interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and metaanalysis of randomised controlled trials, 2022, Leblalta et al.

Mackillop L, Hirst JE, Bartlett KJ, et al. Comparing the Efficacy of a Mobile Phone-Based Blood Glucose Management System With Standard Clinic Care in Women With Gestational Diabetes: Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018;6(3):e71. Published 2018 Mar 20. doi:10.2196/mhealth.9512

Open-source automated insulin delivery: international consensus statement and practical guidance for health-care professionals. 2022, Braune et al. Continuous glucose monitoring in pregnant
women with type 1 diabetes (CONCEPTT): a multicentre international randomised controlled trial, 2017, Feig et al. AiDAPT: Automated insulin delivery amongst pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, 2023, Lee et al.

 Sara White



Speaker: Dr Zoe Bell



Bell Z, Scott S, Visram S, Rankin J, Bambra C, Heslehurst N. Children’s nutritional health and wellbeing in food insecure households in Europe: A qualitative meta-ethnography. PLoS One. 2023;18(9):e0292178. Published 2023 Sep 29. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0292178

Bell Z, Scott S, Visram S, Rankin J, Bambra C, Heslehurst N. Experiences and perceptions of nutritional health and wellbeing amongst food insecure women in Europe: A qualitative meta-ethnography. Soc Sci Med. 2022;311:115313. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115313

Bell ZScott SVisram S, et al. Food insecurity and the nutritional health and well-being of women and children in high-income countries: protocol for a qualitative systematic review. 

The Food Foundation. Food Insecurity Tracking. 2024. Available at: (Accessed 04.03.2024)


Speaker: Dr Jeannine Baumgartner



British Nutrition Foundation. Plant-based Diets. 2019. Available at: (Accessed 03.03.2024)

Bakaloudi DR, Halloran A, Rippin HL, et al. Intake and adequacy of the vegan diet. A systematic review of the evidence. Clin Nutr. 2021;40(5):3503-3521. doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2020.11.035

Bird JK, Barron R, Pigat S, Bruins MJ. Contribution of base diet, voluntary fortified foods and supplements to micronutrient intakes in the UK. J Nutr Sci. 2022 Jun 23;11:e51. doi: 10.1017/jns.2022.47. PMID: 35836696; PMCID: PM

Georgieff MK. Iron deficiency in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2020;223(4):516-524. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2020.0C9241063.3.006

Gibson RS, Raboy V, King JC. Implications of phytate in plant-based foods for iron and zinc bioavailability, setting dietary requirements, and formulating programs and policies. Nutr Rev. 2018;76(11):793-804. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuy028

Neufingerl N, Eilander A. Nutrient Intake and Status in Adults Consuming Plant-Based Diets Compared to Meat-Eaters: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2022; 14(1):29.

Nicol K, Thomas E-L, Nugent AP, Woodside JV, Hart KH, Bath SC. Iodine fortification of plant-based dairy and fish alternatives: the effect of substitution on iodine intake based on a market survey in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition. 2023;129(5):832-842. doi:10.1017/S0007114522001052

Niklewicz A, Smith AD, Smith A, et al. The importance of vitamin B12 for individuals choosing plant-based diets. Eur J Nutr. 2023;62(3):1551-1559. doi:10.1007/s00394-022-03025-4

Storz MA, Müller A, Niederreiter L, Zimmermann-Klemd AM, Suarez-Alvarez M, Kowarschik S, Strittmatter M, Schlachter E, Pasluosta C, Huber R, Hannibal L. A cross-sectional study of nutritional status in healthy, young, physically-active German omnivores, vegetarians and vegans reveals adequate vitamin B12 status in supplemented vegans. Ann Med. 2023;55(2):2269969. doi: 10.1080/07853890.2023.2269969. Epub 2023 Oct 18. PMID: 37851870; PMCID: PMC10586079.

SESSION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and obesity


Juhász, A.E., Stubnya, M.P., Teutsch, B. et al. Ranking the dietary interventions by their effectiveness in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Reprod Health 21, 28 (2024).

Lalonde-Bester S, Malik M, Masoumi R, et al. Prevalence and Etiology of Eating Disorders in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Scoping Review. Adv Nutr. Published online February 24, 2024. doi:10.1016/j.advnut.2024.100193

Nazirudeen R, Sridhar S, Priyanka R, et al. A randomized controlled trial comparing myoinositol with metformin versus metformin monotherapy in polycystic ovary syndrome. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2023;99(2):198-205. doi:10.1111/cen.14931


Pandurevic S, Mancini I, Mitselman D, et al. Efficacy of very low-calorie ketogenic diet with the Pronokal® method in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a 16-week randomized controlled trial. Endocr Connect. 2023;12(7):e220536. Published 2023 Jun 12. doi:10.1530/EC-22-0536


Teede HJ, Tay CT, Laven JJE, et al. Recommendations From the 2023 International Evidence-based Guideline for the Assessment and Management of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2023;108(10):2447-2469. doi:10.1210/clinem/dgad463


Teede HJ, Misso ML, Costello MF, et al. Recommendations from the international evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome [published correction appears in Hum Reprod. 2019 Feb 1;34(2):388]. Hum Reprod. 2018;33(9):1602-1618. doi:10.1093/humrep/dey256


 SESSION: Menopause: overview of treatments and resources

 Dr Tammy Niser


British Menopause Society. FAST FACTS: HRT and breast cancer risk (2022). Available at: (Accessed 02.03.2024).

British Menopause Society. FAST FACTS: HRT guide (2022). Available at: (Accessed 02.03.2024)

British Menopause Society. Testosterone replacement in menopause (2022). Available at: (Accessed 02.03.2024)

NICE. Menopause: diagnosis and management. 2015, updated 2019. Available at: (Accessed 01.03.2024).

Women’s Health Concern. Understanding the risks of breast cancer. 2015. Available at: (Accessed 01.03.2024).

Women’s Health Concern. Migraine and HRT. 2022. Available at: (Accessed 01.03.2024)

Resources and Useful Organisations

British Menopause Society – website and factsheets

British Menopause Society. Prescribable Alternatives to HRT. Available at: (Accessed 01/03/2024).

British menopause society factsheet

Balance. Menopause Symptom Questionnaire. Available at: (Accessed 01/03/2024).

Patient Resources


Empowering Women through Technology: a focus on nutrition

Speaker: Dr Claire Timon



Ali R, Gürtin ZB, Harper JC. Do fertility tracking applications offer women useful information about their fertile window?. Reprod Biomed Online. Published online September 11, 2020. doi:10.1016/j.rbmo.2020.09.005

Barnard ND, Kahleova H, Holtz DN, Znayenko-Miller T, Sutton M, Holubkov R, Zhao X, Galandi S, Setchell KDR. A dietary intervention for vasomotor symptoms of menopause: a randomized, controlled trial. Menopause. 2023 Jan 1;30(1):80-87. doi: 10.1097/GME.0000000000002080. Epub 2022 Oct 16. PMID: 36253903; PMCID: PMC9812421.

Lee H, Lee SH. Effectiveness of an Integrated Mobile Application for Lifestyle Modifications in Overweight Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Life. 2023 Jul;13(7):1533.

Mc Kinsey & Company. FemTech. 2022 Available from: (Accessed 04.03.2024).

Mirin AA. Gender Disparity in the Funding of Diseases by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021 Jul 1;30(7):956–63.

Quifer-Rada P, Aguilar-Camprubí L, Padró-Arocas A, Mena-Tudela D. Evaluation of the usability and utility of LactApp, a mHealth for breastfeeding support. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 2023 Dec 1;180:105240.

U.S. Department of Labor. General facts on women and job-based health. 2005; Available from:

Tylstedt B, Normark M, Eklund L. Reimagining the cycle: interaction in self-tracking period apps and menstrual empowerment. Frontiers in Computer Science. 2023. Available from:

Timon CM, Keogh O, Heffernan E, Lee H, Hussey P, Murphy C, et al. The use of Internet of Things (IoT) technology for identification of eating events in an older adult population, a proof-of-concept study. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2022 Jan;81(OCE5):E215.