Following on from our webinar ‘Vitamin D Update Series Session 1 – Current and Future Perspectives’, we have pulled together key resources and references discussed within the webinar, plus some additional ones on the topic. We have also included useful websites and social media accounts recommended to keep up to date on the subject. If you missed the live webinar, you can watch the recording.

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Reports and Guidelines

COVID-19 rapid guideline: vitamin D (2020), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Guidance relating to the use of vitamin D in the context of COVID-19

UK clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis (2017), Compston et al. UK guidelines, accredited by NICE, giving an overview of the assessment and management of osteoporosis

Vitamin D: supplement use in specific population groups (2017), The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN). Public health guidance for the use of vitamin D supplementation in specific groups of the population at risk of deficiency

Vitamin D and Health Report (2016), SACN. Report with recommendations for vitamin D supplementation and reference nutrient intakes

Dietary reference values for vitamin D (2016), The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Scientific opinion on Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) for vitamin D

Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (2012), Nordic Co-operation. Nordic guidelines for nutrition including vitamin D requirements

Evaluation of the dietary reference values for vitamin D (2012), Health Council of the Netherlands. Report regarding the dietary reference values for vitamin D and use of supplementation

Evaluation, Treatment, and Prevention of Vitamin D Deficiency: an Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline (2011), Holick et al. Guidelines from The Endocrine Society, including how to define vitamin D deficiency



Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis of aggregate data from randomised controlled trials (2021), David A Jolliffe. Study finding that vitamin D supplementation was safe and reduced the risk of acute respiratory tract infections

Very high prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in 6433 UK South Asian adults: analysis of the UK Biobank Cohort (2021), Darling et al. Study showing the need for increased awareness of vitamin D deficiency in South Asians

Nutrition and cancer: evidence gaps and opportunities for improving knowledge (2020), Thorne et al. Research into the dietary and lifestyle factors for cancer

Vitamin D and SARS-CoV-2 virus/COVID-19 disease (2020), S. Lanham-New et al. Evidence-based advice around vitamin D and COVID-19

COVID-19 and misinformation: how an infodemic fuelled the prominence of vitamin D (2020), Henrina et al. Study highlighting the misinformation that was spread by many for the link between vitamin D and COVID-19

Vitamin D and Acute Respiratory Infections—The PODA Trial (2019), Aloia et al. Study which found that vitamin D supplementation did not prevent acute respiratory tract infections in older African American women

Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation Are Not Associated With Risk of Incident Ischemic Cardiac Events or Death: Findings From the UK Biobank Cohort (2018), Harvey et al. Study demonstrating no evidence that use of calcium/vitamin D supplementation was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events

Effects of vitamin D supplementation on musculoskeletal health: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis (2018), Bolland et al. Study suggesting that vitamin D supplementation does not prevent fractures. The limitations of this study were discussed within the webinar

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (2017), Martineau et al. Study highlighting that Vitamin D supplementation was safe and it protected against acute respiratory tract infections

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (2017), British Medical Journal. Article looking into the statistical problems in the Vitamin D and respiratory infections paper by Martineau et al (see previous link)

Daily supplementation with 15 μg vitamin D 2 compared with vitamin D 3 to increase wintertime 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in healthy South Asian and white European women: a 12-wk randomized, placebo-controlled food-fortification trial (2017), Tripkovic et al. Study finding that vitamin D3 was more effective than vitamin D2 in increasing serum 25(OH)D levels in the wintertime

Greater seasonal cycling of 25-hydroxyvitamin D is 2 associated with increased parathyroid hormone and bone 3 resorption (2014), Darling et al. First study assessing the relationship between seasonal fluctuation in vitamin D status and bone health

Symposium 3: Vitamin D and immune function: from pregnancy to adolescence (2012), M. T. Cantorna et al. Study showing the role vitamin D plays within immunity

The role of vitamin D in asthma (2010), Sandu et al. Study showing the link between vitamin D and asthma, including diagrams of the vitamin D converting enzymes (as shown within the webinar)

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and risk of fractures: an updated meta-analysis from the National Osteoporosis Foundation (2016), Weaver et al. Meta-analysis supporting the use of calcium plus vitamin D as an intervention for fracture risk reduction

Serum 25(OH)-Vitamin D Concentration and Risk of Esophageal Squamous Dysplasia (2007), Abnet et al. Study looking into the risks associated with high vitamin D levels


Practical Resources

Vitamin D – the sunshine vitamin, and potential COVID treatment? (2021), Annabel van Griethuysen for the British Dietetic Association. An article into vitamin D and the role within COVID-19

The UV index and sunburn risk (2021), Cancer Research UK. Advice on sun safety

Vitamin D and Bone Health (2020), Royal Osteoporosis Society. 25 page booklet covering the role of vitamin D in bone health, including advice on deficiency, treatment, monitoring and toxicity

Vitamin D (2020), The National Health Service (NHS). Article covering the sources of vitamin D, requirements, supplement use and safe upper limits

Osteoporosis (2020), The Royal Osteoporosis Society. Covering the cases, symptoms and treatment of osteoporosis

Vitamin D (2019), The British Dietetic Association (BDA). Food facts sheet from the BDA

Dietary Sources of Vitamin D (2019), British Nutrition Foundation. A resource looking at the vitamin D content in foods

Osteoporosis and Diet (2019), British Dietetic Association. Food fact sheet around diet and osteoporosis, including the role of vitamin D

Vitamin D Supplements and Tests (2018), Royal Osteoporosis Society. Fact sheet covering advice on supplements and testing for vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D, The Vegan Society. Advice on vitamin for D for those following a vegan diet

Vitamin D, Heart UK. Article around vitamin D, including heart-specific advice

Vitamin D and the sun, The Irish Cancer Society. Article explaining the importance of vitamin D and the balance between sunlight exposure and skin cancer risk


RDUK Chats

Immunity (2020), a twitter chat between registered dietitians around immunity, including a question point around vitamin D



COVID-19: The role of vitamin D (2020), Sarah Boseley and Susan Lanham-New. Podcast discussion around whether vitamin D could play a role in protection against COVID-19


MyNutriWeb Blogs

New government advice on vitamin D under lockdown (2020). We discuss the latest guidelines around vitamin D supplementation


Social media and Websites

Professor Susan Lanham-New (Linkedin) Speaker of the webinar – World-renowned vitamin D expert

@RoyalOsteoSoc (Twitter),  royalosteosoc (Instagram) and The ROS (Website) for the Royal Osteoporosis Society

@TheEndoSociety (Twitter), theendocrinesociety (Instgram) and Endocrine Society (Website) for the Endocrine Society

@OsteoporosisNOF (Twitter), nationalosteoposisfoundation (Instagram) The NOF (Website) for the National Osteoporosis Foundation

@iofbonehealth (Twitter), international_osteoporosis (Instagram) and Osteoporosis Foundation (Website) for the International Osteoporosis Foundation

@Nutr_Surrey (Twitter) for the Nutrition, Dietetics and Food Science Department at the University of Surrey

@TheBDA (Twitter),  bda_dietitians (Instagram) The BDA (Website) for the British Dietetic Association


Also in the Vitamin D Update webinar series:

Vitamin D Update Series Session 2: Vitamin D and Gut Health

Vitamin D Update Series Session 3: Vitamin D and Immune Health